Posts Tagged ‘Guns N Roses’

896b858eI have decided to cover an album for the album of the week that was a but controversial when it came out. The album that I chose for you guys is the last Guns N Roses record to be released to date in their sixth studio album Chinese Democracy. The very album that fans waited 13 years for Guns N Roses to release when it finally came out in November of 2008. The reason I chose the album is because of the fact that I bought the Axl Rose Funko Pop and I went on my Spotify that day and decided to listen to the album once again. The album besides Axl Rose (Vocals) features an army of musicians that worked on it like Robin Finck (Guitars), Ron “Bumblefoot” Thal (Guitars), Buckethead (Guitars), Paul Tobias (Guitars), Richard Fortus (Guitars), Tommy Stinson (Bass), Bryan “Brain” Mantia (Drums), Frank Ferrer (Drums), Dizzy Reed (Keyboards), Chris Pitman (Keyboards), and Josh Freese (arrangements). The album was successful around the world as it went number one in eight different countries and it went number one in the European Top 100 charts as well as peaking at number three on the Billboard Top 200 charts. The album also went platinum and sold over a million worldwide.

bknation_Chinese_Democracy1. Chinese Democracy– The opening track on the album that was inspired by the film Kundun which was about the Dalai Lama. This track and the words contained in it is the reason the album is banned in China as we speak. 5/5

2. Shackler’s Revenge– A track dipped heavily into Industrial metal which is about all of the school shootings in America and how the media tried to pin one on Guns N Roses and their song Mr. Brownstone. 4.5/5

3. Better-An amazing electronic rock track that sees Axl singing in a falsetto style. There’s this one part in the song at the 2:30 mark that is absolutely killer and heavy. The song also contains a killer solo in it too.  5/5

4. Street Of Dreams– the track was originally titled The Blues before the name change and it’s a straight up pop piano rock song that definitely has some Elton John influence in it. 5/5

5. If The World– This is a very sexy song that features Buckethead playing the Flamenco guitar in the beginning with the funk and neo soul influences in it combined with some Nu Metal. 5/5

6. There Was A Time– An epic track on the album that is personally one of my favorties with the heavy orchestral sound with the mellotron, violins, etc. I feel the song is about how we change because we may grow distant with someone. 5/5

7. Catcher In The Rye– A song that Axl Rose wrote in tribute to John Lennon after watching a documentary on Mark David Chapman where Rose criticizes the book in the song. 4.5/5

2FF8. Scraped– The track takes us to that Industrial Rock sound that a lot of people were talking about when it came to this record. With lyrics like, “Don’t you try to stop us now” and “All things are possible, I am unstoppable.” Rose is telling you, he is here to stay. 4/5

9. Riad N’The Bedouins– Axl talked about the track saying, “Riad is the name my one time momentary brother-in-law of Erin Everly went by when I knew him. Of part Lebanese descent and a former student of Pepperdine University, he claims to be an international arms dealer.” 4/5

10. Sorry– Sebastian Bach described the song saying, “There’s this one song called ‘Sorry’ that’s almost like doom metal with Axl singing really clean over this grinding, slow beat that is fucking mean, I cannot get it out of my head.” Rose said the track is about, “anyone talking nonsense at mine and the public’s expense.” 4.5/5

11. I.R.S.– The song starts off a little bluesy before some cool heavy guitars come in during the chorus. 4/5

12. Madagascar– Another track on the album that is one of my favorites. It kind of has the same kind of message as Civil War as it features quotes from films like Mississippi Burning, Casualties of War, Cool Hand Luke, Braveheart, and Seven as well as some excerpts from speeches by Martin Luther King Jr. over some Trip Hop styled sound.  5/5

13. This I Love– Supposedly the song dates all the way back to 1992 as it was a piano ballad written by Rose to one of his former loves. 4.5/5

14. Prostitute– A power ballad with that is actually a cool track that is not about actual prostitutes, but rather him telling you that he wouldn’t pimp the band out just for money to have in his pocket. 4.5/5

My Final Thoughts– In my opinion, this was an excellent release from Axl even though it took forever to come out. The question that was on everyone’s mind then was whether the wait for the new record was worth it. You have to listen to it yourself and just be the judge for yourself, but I love the album. I am going to give the record 4.6 star out of five for a final grade.

sixth-annual-monster-entertainment-awardsIt’s that time of the year, it’s award season which can only mean one thing and that the Sixth Annual Monster Entertainment Awards is here. We have the usual categories for you guys like Bad Ass Movie Of The Year, Album Of The Year, Horror Film Of The Year, but we also have some new ones for you guys this year. We have new categories like Netflix Show Of The Year, Metal Music Video Of The Year, Rock Music Video Of The Year, Metal Single Of The Year, and Rock Single Of The Year to name a few. This year is definitely going to be better than ever and once again we are also teaming up with Mr. X’s Punchout Blog where they have Male and Female Wrestler Of The Year as well as some new ones like Match Of The Year and many more. The beautiful part of these awards is that you the fans get to pick who you want to win each category as always and that is what is beautiful cause your voice will be heard and it won’t be hacked by Russians cause Archer is on the case. What we have for you right here is the music side of the awards so check out all the categories, vote wisely, and you have until January 29TH to do so.

Sixth Annual Monster Entertainment Awards: The Nominees

Posted: January 10, 2017 in Awards
Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

sixth-annual-monster-entertainment-awardsIt’s that time of the year, it’s award season which can only mean one thing and that the Sixth Annual Monster Entertainment Awards is here. We have the usual categories for you guys like Bad Ass Movie Of The Year, Album Of The Year, Horror Film Of The Year, but we also have some new ones for you guys this year. We have new categories like Netflix Show Of The Year, Metal Music Video Of The Year, Rock Music Video Of The Year, Metal Single Of The Year, and Rock Single Of The Year to name a few. This year is definitely going to be better than ever and once again we are also teaming up with Mr. X’s Punchout Blog where they have Male and Female Wrestler Of The Year as well as some new ones like Match Of The Year and many more. The beautiful part of these awards is that you the fans get to pick who you want to win each category as always and that is what is beautiful cause your voice will be heard and it won’t be hacked by Russians cause Archer is on the case. So, here are all the nominees for the Sixth Annual Monster Entertainment Awards:

The Music Side:

Album Of The Year

1. Starboy by The Weeknd

2. The Getaway by Red Hot Chili Peppers

3. Post Pop Depression by Iggy Pop

4. Hardwired… To Self Destruct by Metallica

5. Blackstar by David Bowie

6. Joanne by Lady Gaga

Rock Album Of The Year

1. Gore by Deftones

2. The Last Hero by Alter Bridge

3. Aggressive by Beartooth

4. Bad Vibrations by A Day To Remember

5. The Electric Warlock Acid Witch Satanic Orgy Celebration Dispenser by Rob Zombie

6. Unleashed by Skillet

Metal Album Of The Year

1. Hardwired… To Self Destruct by Metallica

2. Dystopia by Megadeth

3. The Stage by Avenged Sevenfold

4. Incarnate by Killswitch Engage

5. For All Kings by Anthrax

6. Transcendence by Devin Townsend Project

Extreme Metal Album Of The Year

1. King by Fleshgod Apocalypse

2. Varahtelija by Oranssi Pazuzu

3. Wildfire by Destroyer 666

4. Terminal Redux by Vektor

5. Rituals by Rotting Crist

6. In His Majesty’s Infernal Service by Witchery

Rap/Hip Hop Album Of The Year

1. The Life Of Pablo by Kayne West

2.1992 by The Game

3. Untitled Unmastered by Kendrick Lamar

4. Coloring Book by Chance The Rapper

5. Bobby Tarantino by Logic

6. Views by Drake

Metal Music Video Of The Year

1. Square Hammer by Ghost

2. The Black Pot by High On Fire

3. Shadows by Red Fang

4. Pride In Prejudice by Slayer

5. Embers By Lamb Of God

6. Insane by Korn

Rock Music Video Of The Year

1. Breaking Me Down by Escape The Fate

2. This Light I Hold by Memphis May Fire

3. 333 by Against Me!

4. Break Me by One Less Reason

5. A Quick Death In Texas by Clutch

6. A Spider In The Dark by Bobaflex

Rock Single Of The Year

1. Dark Necessities by Red Hot Chili Peppers

2. Bored To Death by Blink-182

3. Prayers/Triangles by Deftones

4. Paranoia by A Day To Remember

5. Sleeping Dogs by Zakk Wylde

6. You Have Come To The Right Place by Sixx AM

Metal Single Of The Year

1. Raise Your Horns by Amon Amarth

2. The Stage by Avenged Sevenfold

3. Blood Eagle Wings by Anthrax

4. Seal The Deal by Volbeat

5. Moth Into Flames by Metallica

6. Stormbending by Devin Townsend Project

Soundtrack Of The Year

1. Deadpool

2. Suicide Squad

3. Ghostbusters

4. Stranger Things Vol. 1

5. Trolls

6. Straight Outta Compton Soundtrack

Tour Of The Year

1. Not In This Lifetime by Guns N Roses

2. Black Sabbath The End Tour

3. Heart/Cheap Trick/Joan Jett

4. AC/DC with Axl Rose

5. Bruce Springsteen

6. Book Of Souls Tour by Iron Maiden

The Movie/TV Side

Movie Of The Year

1. Nocturnal Animals

2. Manchester By The Sea

3. Hell Or Highwater

4. Fences

5. Rogue One: A Star Wars Story

6. Deadpool

Horror Film Of The Year

1. Ouija: Origin Of Evil

2. The Conjuring 2

3. Lights Out

4. 10 Cloverfield Lane

5. Don’t Breathe

6. 31

Bad Ass Movie Of The Year

1. Jason Bourne

2. The Accountant

3. Star Trek Beyond

4. Jack Reacher

5. 13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers…

6. The Magnificent Seven

Comedy Of The Year

1. Neighbors 2: Sorority Rising

2. Sausage Party

3. Dirty Grandpa

4. Why Him?

5. Mike and Dave Need Wedding Dates

6. Keanu

Superhero Film Of The Year

1. Deadpool

2. Captain America: Civil War

3. Suicide Squad

4. Batman Vs Superman: Dawn Of Justice

5. X-Men: Apocalypse

6. Doctor Strange

Animated Film Of The Year

1. Zootopia

2. Sing

3. Kubo And The Two Strings

4. The Secret Life Of Pets

5. Moana

6. Trolls

Remake Of The Year

1. Ghostbusters

2. Ben Hur

3. The Magnificent Seven

4. Pete’s Dragon

5. Cabin Fever

6. Kickboxer: Vengeance

Cameo Of The Year

1. Bill Murray (Ghostbusters)

2. Keanu Reeves (Keanu)

3. Johnny Depp (Fantastic Beasts and Where To Find Them)

4. Chris Hemsworth (Doctor Strange)

5. Dolph Lundgren (Hail Caesar!)

6. Sigourney Weaver (Finding Dory)

Netflix Show Of The Year

1. Stranger Things

2. Luke Cage

3. Daredevil

4. Fuller House

5. Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt

6. BoJack Horseman

Superhero Show Of The Year

1. Daredevil

2. Luke Cage

3. Arrow

4. The Flash

5. Supergirl

6. Gotham

Stand Up Comedy Special Of The Year

1. Hannibal Buress- Comedy Camisado

2. Theo Von- No Offense

3. Iliza Schlesinger- Confirmed Kills

4. Jim Jefferies- Freedumb

5. Russell Peters- Almost Famous

6. Kevin Hart- What Now?

 

 

 

van-halen-vs-mott-the-hoopleLast week, we corrected our cover segment naming it Cover Battle and we had our very first one officially. Last week, Guns N Roses battled Britny Fox for supremacy over a cover of Nazareth’s Hair Of The Dog. You voted and named Guns N Roses the superior version. This week, we have one of the most interesting cover battles of all time because we take two classic rock bands from the 70’s and we are pinning them against each other. This week LA Rock outfit Van Halen does battle with UK classic rock giants Mott The Hoople in a cover battle of who did The Kinks You Really Got Me better. Let’s take a look at the contenders:

Van Halen– In the late 1970’s, Van Halen was the hottest thing to come out of Los Angeles in a long time and they did so with their self titled debut album. The chart topping amaing album featured tracks like Runnin’ With The Devil, Ain’t Talkin’ ‘Bout Love, and the very first single on the record that launched them into super stardom in their cover of The Kinks You Really Got Me. The song did so well for the band just as it had done for The Kinks back in 1964. When you hear this version, Eddie Van Halen adds some serious balls to the track and David Lee Roth is well David Lee Roth.

Mott The Hoople– The UK rock band originally released an instrumental version of You Really Got Me on their 1969 self title debut album. In 1980, they would release the version with Ian Hunter on vocals on the compilation record Two Miles From Heaven. Their version really has that 70’s UK Glam feel to it and the flow of it is definitely a tad slower than Van Halen’s. The thing I like about this version is the fact that they kept the keys in the song which definitely add to the overall composition and Mick Ralph’s solo is is good as well.

Now it is time for all of you to be the judge as to who did the cover better? Was it Van Halen? Or was it Mott The Hoople? You be the judge!

gnr-vs-britny-foxWe have once again modified and changed the way we are doing this cover battle. We were calling it Original Vs The Cover, but we decided to change it because the original will always win. Last week, we gave you a second option as to who had done the cover of Kansas’s Carry On Wayward Son and you voiced your opinion and Stryper won that battle. So, we have decided to keep that going and we renamed the segment Cover Battle. We will find two bands that have either covered the same song or a song from a featured band and you will have a week to vote as to whose version of the track you liked better. We have an interesting battle for you guys this week as Guns N Roses takes on Britny Fox in whose version of Nazareth’s Hair Of The Dog was better.

Guns N Roses– In one corner we have the band that changed the game when they arrived on the scene in 1987 with Appetite For Destruction. After a double album release and an EP, the band would release their all covers record The Spaghetti Incident which was considered a return to form for the band according to the critics. The album was actually the first GNR record recorded without Izzy Stradlin and the first to feature his replacement Gilby Clarke. They covered everyone from the Misfits to The Skyliners, and the Nazareth track. The track showcased that side of GNR that everyone loved where it was the whiskey filled, gutter rock and roll band that we got with Appetite. Check out their version below:

Britny Fox– Britny Fox was a glam metal band much in the fashion of what was going on in the late 1980’s with bands like Enuff Z’Nuff, Cinderella, and Trixter to name a few. They hit it big with their song Girlschool which was off of their self titled debut album. In 1989, the band would release their second album Boys In Heat which was also their last album ever recorded with “Dizzy” Dean Davidson. The album featured the track Hair Of The Dog as the lone cover on the record and for the most part the music was pretty faithful to the original. The only difference is Davidson’s vocals which combines that famous power screaming that sounds like a combo of Nazareth singer Dan McCafferty and Cinderella’s own Tom Keifer. Check it out below:

Now it’s up to you guys to vote in which version of Hair Of The Dog you liked better. Is it Guns N Roses or Britny Fox? You have until the next post to vote so cast your vote now!

Sc%C3%A8ne-Molson-Canadian-Stage-Slipknot-2So there was some pretty scary news delivered recently regarding one of the hottest metal bands in the land Slipknot. Slipknot was supposed to start their big summer tour with Marilyn Manson on June 9TH, but apparently that isn’t going to happen at least not by that time. Slipknot frontman Corey Taylor has to undergo unplanned spinal surgery. The frontman released a statement explaining, “Regretfully, I’m sending this to our fans to inform you that we will be postponing the first couple of weeks of our upcoming U.S tour. Unfortunately, I had to undergo an unplanned spinal surgery. I am recovering nicely, and all went well! I need a little recovery time before hitting the stage. We will start the summer tour in Nashville on 6/28 and continue as previously scheduled. An update on the rescheduled dates will be available in the next few days. I hope you all understand and thanks for always having my back! Thank you, Corey.” Touring isn’t easy and the physical demands of a Slipknot tour must be high. I have the canceled dates below with the non canceled dates as well:

Slipknot, Marilyn Manson, Of Mice and Men 2016 North American Tour Dates

Postponed Shows:

6/09 – Salt Lake City, Utah @ USANA Amphitheatre
6/11 – Auburn, Wash. @ White River Amphitheatre
6/13 – Concord, Calif. @ Concord Pavilion
6/14 – Inglewood, Calif. @ The Forum
6/15 – Chula Vista, Calif. @ Sleep Train Amphitheatre
6/17 – Las Vegas, Nev. @ MGM Grand Hotel & Casino
6/18 – Phoenix, Ariz. @ Ak-Chin Pavilion
6/19 – Albuquerque, N.M. @ Isleta Amphitheater
6/21 – Morrison, Colo @ Red Rocks Amphitheatre
6/24 – Austin, Texas @ Austin 360 Amphitheater
6/25 – Dallas, Texas @ Gexa Energy Pavilion
6/26 – The Woodlands, Texas @ Cynthia Woods Mitchell Pavilion

Shows That Are Still Scheduled on the Original Dates:

6/28 – Nashville, Tenn. @ Bridgestone Arena
6/29 – Atlanta, Ga. @ Aaron’s Amphitheatre at Lakewood
7/01 – West Palm Beach, Fla. @ Perfect Vodka Amphitheatre
7/02 – Tampa, Fla. @ MidFlorida Credit Union Amphitheatre at the FL State Fairgrounds
7/06 – Wantagh, N.Y. @ Nikon at Jones Beach Theater
7/08 – Hartford, Ct. @ Xfinity Theatre
7/09 – Holmdel, N.J. @ PNC Bank Arts Center
7/10 – Hershey, Pa. @ GIANT Center
7/12 – Cincinnati, Ohio @ Riverbend Music Center
7/13 – Noblesville, Ind. @ Klipsch Music Center
7/15 – Oshkosh, Wis. @ Rock USA
7/16 – Cadott, Wis. @ Rock Fest
7/17 – Bridgeview, Ill. @ Chicago Open Air
7/19 – Toronto, Ontario @ Air Canada Centre
7/20 – Montreal, Quebec @ Bell Centre
7/21 – Québec, Quebec @ Videotron Centre
7/23 – Syracuse, N.Y. @ Lakeview Amphitheater – Syracuse
7/24 – Saratoga Springs, N.Y. @ Saratoga Performing Arts Center
7/26 – Bristow, Va. @ Jiffy Lube Live
7/27 – Camden, N.J. @ BB&T Pavilion
7/29 – Clarkston, Mich. @ DTE Energy Music Theatre
7/30 – Burgettstown, Pa. @ First Niagara Pavilion
8/02 – Charlotte, N.C. @ PNC Music Pavilion
8/04 – Maryland Heights, Mo. @ Hollywood Casino Amphitheatre
8/05 – Des Moines, Iowa @ Wells Fargo Arena

2016 Coachella Valley Music And Arts Festival - Weekend 1 - Day 2

This next piece of news certainly affects me considering that I have tickets to one of the shows on the Not In This Lifetime Guns N Roses tour. Apparently Gillette Stadium, home of the New England Patriots has barred Guns N Roses from playing past curfew. While Guns N Roses have had a tendency of showing up on stage late in the past, Foxboro selectwoman Ginny Coppola has put her foot down making the curfew 11:15PM and it’s because of “noise issues” according to her. She stated in an interview with The Sun Chronicle, “This is on a Tuesday and a Wednesday. If this was a weekend, I wouldn’t have a problem with it. But it’s a work night. This isn’t going to be an acoustic evening. It’s going to be loud.” Apparently Gillette Stadium management tried to push for a 11:40 and even an 11:30 curfew, but those were shot down in flames. I’m not completely surprised by this decision because the curfew at the Xfinity Center which is literally the next town over from Foxboro’s curfew is 11PM and I personally do not want to be at the stadium all night long.

Muhammad-AliIn non music related news, legendary boxing champion Muhammad Ali has passed away at the age of 74. Muhammad Ali was an icon in and out of the boxing ring whether it was beating men in the ring or beating the US government for what he believed in, he was a champion. A lot of rockers expressed their feelings over the death of Muhammad Ali like Dave Mustaine who wrote on Twitter, “I am deeply saddened by the loss of one of my biggest heroes, the greatest, Muhammad Ali.” There are a lot more that expressed their thoughts and you can check them out by visiting Loudwire here. R.I.P. Muhammad Ali “Float like a butterfly and sting like a bee.”

use your illusion 2For this week’s album of the week, I decided to choose an album from Guns N Roses considering all of the buzz that is going around as far as the reunion is concerned. I have already covered Use Your Illusion 1 from the band and now it’s time to finish that off today. Just like the first one, the album Use Your Illusion II was also released on September 17, 1991 and despite both albums released on the same day, this one did a lot better. The album once again featured Axl Rose (Vocals), Slash (Guitars), Izzy Stradlin (Guitars), Duff McKagan (Bass), Dizzy Reed (Keys), and Matt Sorum (Drums) along with one track featuring original drummer Steven Adler on drums. Just in it’s first week alone, the album sold 770,000 copies to Use Your Illusion 1’s 685,000 landing this album at number one on it’s debut. The album alone has sold over seven million copies making it go seven times platinum. The album also went number one on the Billboard End Of Decade Charts (1990-1999) which is pretty amazing given the albums released in the 90’s.

use your illusion 2 back1. Civil War– In an interview with Rockline, Duff McKagan explained how the protest track came about, “Basically it was a riff that we would do at sound-checks. Axl came up with a couple of lines at the beginning. And… I went in a peace march, when I was a little kid, with my mom. I was like four years old. For Martin Luther King. And that’s when: “Did you wear the black arm band when they shot the man who said: ‘Peace could last forever’?” It’s just true-life experiences, really.” This seven plus minute epic described that all war was civil and what a powerful statement this song was. This is also the only track on the album that features former drummer Steven Adler. 5/5

2. 14 Years– One of the only songs on the album sung entirely by Izzy Stradlin with Axl singing the chorus. The song is supposedly about Stradlin and Rose’s friendship which was about 14 years by the time the song was written, but it more than likely has to do with a guy and his relationship dealing with a girl for so long. 4.5/5

3. Yesterdays– My favorite song on the whole album that is a power ballad, but it’s lyrical content is so powerful in my opinion. The song’s lyrics deal with forgetting about all the things that have happened in the past or things that you didn’t get to do because yesterday’s got nothing for me. 5/5

4. Knockin’ On Heaven’s Door– Both albums had a cover song and this Bob Dylan cover was the one for this album. 5/5

5. Get In The Ring– Is a very controversial song that sees Axl firing back at all of his critics for the bad reviews they gave him. Critics like Andy Secher (Hit Parader), Circus, Mick Wall (Kerrang!),  and Bob Guccione, Jr. (Spin). 4/5

Use Your Illusion 2 CD6. Shotgun Blues– an in your face rock track from the band that has some punk attitude to it and some very aggressive lyrics. 4/5

7. Breakdown– a track that features Slash playing Banjo on the song. According to Slash, this was the most difficult song on the album to record. It’s not all banjos and pianos as this track turns into a bad ass rock song. 4/5

8. Pretty Tied Up– Izzy Stradlin once descibed the lyrics of the song and it’s content saying, “My Mexican friend Tony took me to meet this woman named Margot at her house. She gave us some tequila or something and she goes in the bedroom and we walk in and there’s this big fat naked guy with an onion in his mouth. He’s wearing women’s underwear and high heels and he’s tied up with duct tape against the wall. Me and Tony were like, What the fuck is going on here? Cracking up laughing. She was this dominatrix chick.” I love the Sitar in the beginning of this bad ass rock song that just shreds. 5/5

9. Locomotive (Complicity)– This is the band’s adventure into Funk Metal probably influenced by Faith No More. The track features a cool piano part towards the end of it 4.5/5

10. So Fine– A track that was written in memory of Johnny Thunders by Duff McKagan who also sang lead vocals on the track. 4.5/5

GNR311. Estranged– This nine minute guitar/piano epic is one of the best songs on the album and it’s also the second longest GNR track ever recorded. 5/5

12. You Could Be Mine– This was the lead single off the album and it’s one of the coolest rock songs the band has ever written in my opinion because it has balls. The song is supposedly about Izzy’s failed relationship with his ex-girlfriend Angela Nicoletti. 5/5

13. Don’t Cry (Alternate Lyrics)– This is the alternate lyrics version of the ballad that appeared on this album. 5/5

14. My World– it’s only 1:24 long, but the industrial tinged  track was written while the band was high on shrooms according to Axl. 4/5

My Final Thoughts– These two albums showcased the writing talent that was behind Guns N Roses. It was the band evolving into what they could have been later on had they all continued together. You can guarantee that a lot of the tracks on this album will be played live on their 21 city reunion tour and I cannot wait. I am going to give the album 4.7 stars out of five for a final grade.